In Abraham Lincoln’s first inaugural address, Lincoln made it known that; (1) he had no legal authority to interfere with slavery where it existed, (2) that he had no inclination or intentions to do so even if he had the legal authority, (3) that he would enforce the Fugitive Slave Act, returning runaway slaves escaping to the North to their Master’s in the South, (4) that he fully supported the Thirteen Amendment then being debated in Congress which would protect slavery in perpetuity and was irrevocable. He later stated, “Do not paint me with the Abolitionist brush”.
Decades before the Civil War, the South, through harsh tariffs, had been supplying about 85% of the country’s revenue, nearly all of which was being spent in the North to boost it’s economy, by building manufacturing, infrastructure, railroads, canals, etc. With the passage of the 47% Morrill Tariff, the final nail was in the coffin. The South did not secede to protect slavery, although they certainly wanted to protect it; they seceded over a dispute about unfair taxation, an oppressive Federal Government, and the right to separate from that oppression and be “governed by consent”, exactly the same issues over which the Founding Fathers fought the Revolutionary War.
When a member of Lincoln’s cabinet suggested he let the South go in peace, he replied “Let the South go? Where, then, would we get our revenue?” . Lincoln was the greatest tyrant and despot in American history. In the first four months of his presidency, he created a complete military dictatorship, destroyed the Constitution, ended forever the constitutional republic which the Founding Fathers instituted, committed horrendous crimes against civilian citizens, and formed the tyrannical, overbearing and oppressive Federal Government which the American people suffer under to this day. In his first four months he:
1. Failed to call Congress into session after the South fired upon Fort Sumter, in direct violation of the Constitution.
2. Called up an army of 75,000 men, bypassing the Congressional authority in direct violation of the Constitution.
3. Unilaterally suspended the writ of Habeas Corpus, a function of Congress, violating the Constitution. This gave him power, as he saw it, to arrest civilians without charge and imprison them indefinitely without trial – which he did.
4. Ignored a Supreme Court order to restore the right of Habeas Corpus, this violating the Constitution again and ignoring the Separation of Powers which the Founders put in place exactly for the purpose of preventing one man’s using tyrannical powers in the executive.
5. When the Chief Justice forwarded a copy of the Supreme Court’s decision to Lincoln, he wrote out an order for the arrest of the Chief Justice and gave it to a U.S. Marshall for expedition, in violation of the Constitution.
6. Unilaterally ordered a naval blockade of southern ports, an act of war, and a responsibility of Congress, in violation of the Constitution.
7. Commandeered and closed over 300 newspapers in the North, because of editorials against his war policy and his illegal military invasion of the South. This clearly violated the First Amendment – freedom of speech, and press clauses.
8. Sent in Army Forces to destroy the printing presses and the machinery at those newspapers, in violation of the Constitution.
9. Arrested the publishers, editors and owners of those newspapers, and imprisoned them without charge and without trial for the remainder of the war, all in direct violation of both the Constitution and the Supreme Court order aforementioned.
10. Arrested and imprisoned, without charge or trial, another 15,000-20,000 U.S. citizens who dared to speak out against the war, his policies, or were suspected of anti-war feelings. (Relative to the time, this would be the equivalent to President George W. Bush arresting and imprisoning roughly 150,000-200,000 Americans without charge or trial for “disagreeing” with the Iraq War)
11. Sent the Army to arrest the entire legislature of Maryland to keep them from meeting, legally, because they were debating a bill of succession; they were all arrested without charge or trial, in direct violation of the Constitution.
12. Unilaterally created the state of West Virginia in direct violation of the Constitution.
13. Sent 350,000 Northern men to their deaths to kill 350,000 Southern men in order to force the free and sovereign states of the South to remain in the Union, they, the people, legally voted to peacefully withdraw from, all in order to continue the South’s revenue flow into the North.
The Union Army, under General Grant, General Sheridan, and President Lincoln, committed active genocide against Southern civilians. Ten’s of thousands of Southern men, women, and children, white and black, slave and free alike – were shot, hanged, raped, imprisoned without trial, their homes, lands and possessions stolen, pillaged, and burned.
Only after the Union had suffered two years of crushing defeats in battle did Lincoln resolve to “emancipate” the slaves, and only as a war measure, a military tactic, not for moral or humanitarian purposes. He admitted this remarking:
We must change our tactics or lose the game
He was hoping, as his original draft of the document shows, that a slave uprising would occur, making it harder for Southerners to continue fighting the war. His only interest in freeing slaves was in forcing the South to remain in the Union. His Emancipation Proclamation was denounced by Northerners, Southerners, and Europeans alike for it’s absurdity and hypocrisy, for, it only “freed” the slaves in the seceded States – where he could not reach them – and kept slavery intact in the North and border states – where he could have freed them long before.
The Gettysburg Address, possibly the most famous speech in American history, is a immensely absurdly piece of war rhetoric and a poetry of lies. We were not “engaged in a Great Civil War, to see whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, can long endure.” The South was engaged in a War of Independence from a tyrannical North, and after having legally seceded, wished to only “to be let alone”. The North was engaged in a War of empire, to keep the South involuntarily under it’s yoke. Government “of the people, by the people, and for the people” would have not “perished from the earth” had the North lost the war, on the contrary, it perished in the United States when the North won the war; for, freely representative government, by consent of the governed, is exactly what the South was fighting for and exactly what Lincoln’s military victory, destroyed.
The checks and balances of powers, the separation of powers, the constitutional constraints so carefully and deliberately put into place by the Founding Fathers, had all been destroyed in Lincoln’s first months. The Republic which the Founders gave us had been completely destroyed and a new – nation state was set up: one in which the free and sovereign states would afterward be only vassals and tributaries, slaves to an all-powerful, oppressive Federal Government. This new nation – state is completely different in both nature and consequence to the original American Republic. One only has to look around today to see the end results and legacy of Lincoln’s war, his destruction of freedom, and his institution of despotic, centralized governmental power and tyranny.