Colors Of Roman Clothing 

Crimson – The color Crimson was produced by using another expensive dye for Roman Clothing.  The Kermes  (Crimson) Dye was obtained from the dried bodies of the female insects (Kermes Vermilo Planchon and Kermes Ilicis), where found in southern Europe on the small evergreen Kermes Oak (Quercus Coccifera).

The history of the Kermes Dye dates back to the ancient Egyptians and the romans. Kermes Dye was produced by a process of drying the bodies of insects, and then fermentation.

Colors Of Roman Clothing 

Saffron Yellow – The rich, colorfast, color of Yellow was produced by using an expensive dye used for Roman Clothing. 

The Yellow Saffron dye comes from the bright red stigmas of the Saffron Crocus (Crocus Sativus) which was found in areas of the Mediterranean, including Spain and Greece.

The Crocus Sativus stigmas are the female part of the flower, and Saffron dye was produced by drying these, and boiling with other plants then drying to produce the vibrant yellow colors.

Colors Of Roman Clothing 

Purple – The color Purple and it’s association with the Roman Emperors is due to the vast expenses of producing clothing made with such color. 

The color Purple was produced from an extremely expensive dye called Tyrian Purple, which originated in Tyre, in Lebanon. The Phoenicians owned the monopoly on this Purple dye, which was made by crushing thousands of seashellsMediterranean Murex

It took 10,000 Murex Mollusks to make dye for just 1 toga. This Purple dye was worth more than its weight in gold, and came to symbolize both the wealth, and the power of the Roman Emperors.