Elisha Kane 

It is astounding that Elisha Kane is known to so few people – especially considering his funeral was said to be the 2nd largest in U.S. History, second only to that of Abraham Lincoln. Kane (b. February 28, 1820 – d. February 16, 1857) was a U.S. Navy Officer who was a member of 2 Arctic expeditions to attempt to rescue (without success) the Explorer Sir John Franklin (a British artic Explorer who vanished while attempting to chart and navigate the Canadian Arctic.) Though suffering from scurvy, and at times near death, he resolutely pushed on and charted the coasts of Smith Sound and the Kane Basin, penetrating further north than any other Explorer had done up until that time. 

His ship was eventually ice bound and so, on May 20, 1855, he had his party on an 83 day March across the frozen north, carrying their sick with them. They only lost 1 man on the journey and were eventually rescued. However, the toll on his health was too extreme, and he died two years later in Havana, where he was trying to recuperate. 

His body was carried from New Orleans to Philadelphia, and nearly every platform on the trip was met with a memorial delegation.

Wind Chill, Wind Chill Factor 

Wind Chill – Reference to the Wind Chill Factor, increased wind speeds accelerate heat loss from exposed skin, and the wind chill is a measure of this effect. No specific rules exist for determining when wind chill becomes dangerous. As a general rule, the threshold for potentially dangerous wind chill conditions is about -25℉

Wind Chill Factor – Increased wind speeds accelerate heat loss from exposed skin. No specific rules exist for potentially dangerous wind chill conditions, but it’s about -20℉


The horizontal motion of the air past a given point. Winds begin with differences in air pressure. Pressure that is higher at one place than another sets up a force pushing from the high toward the low pressure. The greater the difference in pressure, the stronger the force.

The distance between the moving air is accelerated. Meteorologists refer to the force that starts the wind flowing as the “pressure gradient force”. High and Low pressure are relative. There’s no set number that divides high and low pressure.

Wind is used to describe the prevailing direction from which the wind is blowing with the speed given visually in miles per hour, or knots.


Why not we just define weather in general? 

The state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature, cloudiness, moisture, pressure, etc. Weather refers to these conditions at a given point in time (e.g. today’s high temperature), whereas climate refers to the “average” weather conditions for an area over a long period of time (e.g. the average high for today’s date).